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  • TALK 1


      • WHEN : 12 AUGUST 2015, 3:00 P.M.


      Legislation is an essential element of a democratic society for ensuring rights and their spot-on implementation. The parliamentary oversight body performs one of the core democratic functions by making the government responsible and accountable in the implementation of the laws made by the parliament. It monitors the activities of the government within the premise of a constitution and laws. It also exercises advisory authority based on the theory of check, balance, and the separation of power. The success of parliamentary oversight is often understood on the grounds of the integrated approach it upholds to law and further its ability is acknowledged in terms of its success in managing politics from within the framework of a positive order. Discussing the case of child rights and the role of parliamentary oversight is critical not only for the present generation, but also for the society that we would like to see in the future. Therefore, the program is genuinely expected to generate healthy discourse in helping to strengthen the profound role of parliamentary oversight in the future.


      Dr. Surendra Bhandari is currently working as an Associate Professor of Law at Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan. With a number of publications and articles, Dr. Bhandari has been widely known as a legal philosopher with the expert knowledge on jurisprudence, constitutional law, human rights, international law, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Dr. Bhandari’s publications include: Law and State in the Globalized World (NOVA Publishers, 2015, USA), Self-Determination & Constitution Making in Nepal (Springer, 2014, Singapore), Making Rules in the WTO: Free or Managed Trade (RoseDog Books, 2012, USA). Dr. Bhandari has contributed a number of research articles on contemporary issues on constitution making in Nepal, both in national and international journals and newspapers. Dr. Bhandari has accomplished an SJD from Kansas University, USA with the CALI award for excellence in legal research, a fi rst Ph.D. in law from Tribhuvan University, a fi rst Nepali post-doctorate from the prestigious United Nations University, and the fi rst foreigner to receive the CALI award from Kansas University. Being a part of popular student movement of 1980s, democratic movement of 1990s, 2006 and later Dr. Bhandari is closely engaged in contributing political leadership in nation building process and closely interested in parliamentary oversight as one of the key democratic functions in the country.

    • The program was lively telecast via Live Streaming link: http://technetnepal.net/live.htm and it was widely opened up to share the views and opinions regarding the event during or after discussion via Blog link: http://technetnepal.net/blogs/thinktanknepal/
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  • TALK 2


      • WHEN : 8TH JANUARY 2016, 02:00 PM

      Blog link : http://technetnepal.net/blogs/thinktankcrvs/default.aspx Live Video Streaming: http://technetnepal.net/blogs/thinktankcrvs/default.aspx (Note: The live telecast of the program and to share your views during or after discussion you can blog in at the above sites)


      The paper presents about the current state of Vital Events Registration Systems in Nepal. It succinctly analyses the constraints experienced while attaining national/regional goals on the vital records management and rolling operations. By reviewing current literature and prevailing laws of Nepal, the paper attempts to analyze and explore the reasons behind the gaps persisted on the performance of current systems and efforts. The paper also intends to open academic discourse and policy dialogues to reach a conclusion.


      Mr. Basant Raj Gautam is currently working as a Director General of the Department of Civil Registration, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Nepal. Since the beginning of his career, he has been working as a government o ffi cer in various positions and capacities at various ministries, departments, and institutions from the Municipality, National Planning Commission, Ministry of Local Development, Immigration Department, Chief District O ffi cer, District Development Committee to the Joint Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs. Mr. Gautam is also a founding chairperson of the civil service professionals Bureau 81, a nonpro fi t making organization. He is a life time member of Public Administration Association, Nepal. Mr. Gautam has published a series of articles on the issues of drug abuse, disaster management, and governance.

      A number of times, he has successfully accomplished assignments to elections of the parliament, local government, and constituent assembly. During the earthquake disaster rescue and relief operation, 2015 he was consigned as a coordinator in Sindupalchowk district. Mr. Gautam holds a degree from Tribhuwan University in public administration, specializing in rural development and project planning. Mr. Gautam has obtained a number of professional training programs such as on the Universal Pension System, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, Peace Building and Con fl ict Transformation, Food Security and Nutrition, and Project Implementation and Administration offered by several professional organizations.

      Council of Thinkers is a platform of thinkers consisted of academia, political leaders, policy makers, and practitioners. The platform intends to have independent and objective discourse to help build knowledge base and support to design effective policies in the country.

    • The program was lively telecast via Live Streaming link http://technetnepal.net/ThinkTankNepal.html and it was widely opened up to share the views and opinions regarding the event during or after discussion via Blog link:http://technetnepal.net/blogs/thinktankcrvs/default.aspx
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Recognizing and Representing Non Voting Citizen;A Discussion on Child Rights and Election

      • WHEN: 21st March 2016, 02:00 PM

        Where: Green Room, Hotel Himalaya, Lalitpur

        Presenter: Mr. Milan Dharel, Executive Secretary, Swatantrata Abhiyan

        Discussant:  Dr. Chandrakanta Gyawali, Sr. Constitution Expert   

                              Bijaya Raj Subedi, Under Secretary, MOFALD


        Free and Fair Election is a foundation of democracy, which is the only legitimate way of creating equal opportunity of participation in governance. The criteria of election define the eligibility of voters. Often the negligence and ignorance of a larger section of citizens turn to be the non-voting members or the future-voting members of the nation. The non-voting status of citizens excludes them from participating in governance, since they keep them away from electing the right person. Children, for example, are one of the sections as important future-voting members. This paper attempts to analyze the complexities and risks to democracy due to the non-participation of non-voting members in the election. It also explores the possible ways of recognizing and representing children safely in the Electoral Politics and Governance.


        Mr. Milan Raj Dharel is currently working as the Executive Secretary of Swatantrata Abhiyan Nepal and is also engaged in as a freelance researcher on the issues of Human Rights, Governance, and Development. Since the beginning of his career, he has been working as a researcher in various positions be it freelance campaigner, national lead researcher, or as a research associate in various issues associated with the child rights, migrant workers, slavery work, local governance, and similar other issues. Mr. Dharel is also a former Chairperson of the Consortium of Organizations Working on Child Participation (National Networks of 65 I/NGOs on Child Participation in Nepal); lead constitution assembly policy advocacy for human rights responsive and inclusive constitution in Nepal. Mr. Dharel has served as a lead consultant and working group member on various services to government and non-government organizations in Nepal, particularly on drafting guidelines, manual, resource book in the field of human rights, development, education, child labor and child protection and governance.

        He has also worked as a trainer/resource person for various training programs in the field of human rights and governance delivered to government officials, NGOs workers, police personnel, and local level policy makers. Mr. Dharel with distinction holds a masters degree in Human Rights and Democratization from University of Sydney. Also holds a master degree on Journalism and Mass Communication from Tribhuwan University. Mr. Dharel has obtained a number of professional training programs such as on the Systematic Reviews in International Development, NGO Engagement with United Nations Treaty Based Mechanisms: Training for Human Rights Defenders, Training on Working with UN Human Rights Council and its Mechanisms offered by several professional organizations.

        Council of Thinkers is a platform of policy thinkers consisted of academia, political leaders, policy makers, and practitioners. The platform intends to have independent and objective discourse to help build knowledge base and support to design effective policies in the country.

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When:            06th May 2016, 02:00 PM

Where:           Green Room, Hotel Himalaya, Lalitpur

Presenter:      Mr. Bishnu Adhikari, Democracy & Governance Expert.

Discussant:    Dr. Bhola Prasad Dahal, Governance adviser,

                         Royal Norwegian Embassy 


The progress on constitution and legislative measures on children has facilitated Nepal in establishing a large number of institutions and mechanisms at the national, regional, district, and community levels. Despite all odds and conflict,Nepal’s remarkable progress on reducing child maternal mortality, improving school enrolment and increasing literacy since 1990 could also be attributed to these measures.Due to the historic, political, and social structures, various groups of population, including children did not enjoy the same environment and conditions as other groups may have opportunity to participate in the decision making process that affect their lives.


Mr. Bishnu Adhikari is a Democracy and Governance expert, with over 15 years of experience in the field of civil society, political and electoral system, the rule of law and local governance as an adviser, university lecturer, and newspaper editor. Since August 2013 Mr. Adhikari is serving as the Governance Adviser to the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) in Nepal.  Mr. Adhikari has worked as the Strategy and Governance Adviser to the Enabling State Program (ESP), a DFID/Nepal’s political governance program. He has advised USAID/Nepal on Democracy and Governance (DG) issues, and served as the Deputy Team Leader of the Democracy and Governance/Conflict Mitigation Office. Over the ten-year period, Mr. Adhikari was responsible for the design and implementation of a number of high profile, large, complex USAID-funded DG programs. Mr. Adhikari has also led research projects on political developments, refugees, and decentralization in Nepal as a lecturer of political science at the Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies at Tribhuvan University. He has also worked as a sub-editor responsible for editing political news to a Nepali National Daily newspaper for nearly two-years.

Council of Thinkers is a platform of policy thinkers consisted of academia, political leaders, policy makers, and practitioners. The platform intends to have independent and objective discourse to help build knowledge base and support to design effective policies in the country.

Nepal, the Sustainable Development Goals: The Challenges of Inclusive Social Policy

When:            26th May 2016, 03:00 PM

Where:           Green Room, Hotel Himalaya, Lalitpur

Presenter:      Dr. Gabriele Köhler, Senior Research Associate,

UN Research Institute for Social Development

Discussants: Ms. Jasmine Rajbhandary


Nepal as a country, a society, and an economy, despite facing many tensions, has developed a noticeable social policy. Introduced with the social supportmeasuressince the 1990s, it entitles every senior citizen and individuals from vulnerable groups with a monthly allowance. At the end of the civil war, a whole set of policies was introduced with the objective of addressing poverty, fostering social inclusion, and, indirectly, healing the wounds of a decade long civil strife. In response to the earthquake, new forms of social assistance have also been distributed, such as the top-up grants disbursed in the earthquake-affected areas.

In this regard, two important documents can serve to consolidate Nepal’s progressive social policy initiatives. One is the 2015 Constitution of Nepal, especially Articles 40-43 legitimize social security. Similarly, the UN Agenda, 2030 for Sustainable Development, recommends the phasing-in of a universal social protection floor, including the right to health services, minimum income, and income security for senior citizens and children. 


Dr. Gabriele Köhler is currently a Senior Research Associate with the UN Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva. For over 25 years, Ms. Köhlerhas worked as a development economist and policy analyst for several UN agencies, including the UN ESCAP, Bangkok, UNCTAD Geneva, and UNDP Latvia. From 2005-2009, she was the Regional Advisor on Social Policy at the UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA), Kathmandu. Her research interests and advocacy concerns include human rights, gender equity, social inclusion, international trade, the international economic architecture, redistributive policies, social development, and social policy. She has been involved in recent debates surrounding the UN Agenda for sustainable development and its SDGs. Ms. Köhler is on the BoardMembers of Women in Europe for a Common Future, the UN Association of Germany, and the UNICEF National Committee, Germany. Ms. Köhlerworks with these institutions to raise awareness on the issues before the UN and the world community.

Regarding the SDGs, she has authored a number of research articles. Some of them are: Seven Decades of Development and Now What?,Journal of International Development, 2015;Tapping the Sustainable Development Goals for Progressive Gender Equity and Equality Policy?, Gender & Development, 2016;and Assessing the SDGs from the Standpoint of Eco-Social Policy: Using the SDGs Subversively,Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy (forthcoming July 2016).She has also published a thought-provoking book: Alberto Cimadamore & Gabriele Köhler (2016), Poverty and the MDGs: A critical Look Forward, ZED Books.

Council of Thinkers is a platform of policy thinkers consisted of academia, political leaders, policy makers, and practitioners. The platform intends to have independent and objective discourse to help build knowledge base and support to design effective policies in the country.

Dr. Gabriele Köhler paper. 




Violence against Children with Reference to Corporal Punishment: The Nepalese Case

WHEN: November 8, 2016

TIME: 02:00 PM

Where: Green Room, Hotel Himalaya, Lalitpur

Presenter: Dr. Kiran Rupakhetee, Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare


  •  Professor Dr. Bidya Nath Koirala



Children are the future of a country. Investing in children brings about positive results in nation building. The state of future human resources primarily depends on how do we treat children and invest in them today.  Our efforts, including political environment, social system, peer groups, school, and family influence the future of the children. Ironically, the power-relationship is obviously reflected on how we treat children. On daily basis, individually and socially, we justify corporal punishment in a number of ways. Consequently, the children also infuse violence in their thought process and practice physical force as the solution to all sorts of problems. After all the mission of peace and the authority of legitimate process in solving problems is placed in penumbra. For which, the necessary condition is that they should not be subjected to any sort of violence or corporal punishment.            


Dr. Kiran Rupakhetee has been working with the Government of Neal for the last 30 years. During 2002-2006, he worked in SAARC Human Resource Development Centre (SHRDC), Islamabad, Pakistan’s a Human Resource Development Professional on deputation. As the human resource development professional, he worked as a coordinator of training programs aimed at strengthening professional capability of government officials of all countries within South Asian Region.

He served at the Secretariat for the National Committee for Controlling Human Trafficking under the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare during 2012-2013. In the Secretariat, he had served as a coordinator in the Secretariat for National Committee for Controlling Human Trafficking (NCCHT) for more than a year. As a coordinator, he is credited for publishing first ever government Trafficking in Persons Report in 2013.

Currently, he is heading the Child Protection and Development Section of the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, Government of Nepal. Being the Head of the Section, he is also serving as a National Coordinator of South Asia Initiatives to End Violence against Children (SAIEVAC). Moreover, he is a Project Director of the project entitled “South Asia Initiatives to End Violence against Children.”

Dr. Rupakhetee has completed his PhD from Seoul National University, South Korea in 2012 specializing on the role of microenterprise development on poverty alleviation in Nepal, especially that of women, economically downtrodden, untouchables and Indigenous Communities. He did his Master Degree from the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, in 1996 in Development Studies. Dr. Rupakhetee has a number of publications in national and international journals in the areas of planning, development studies and micro social issues, namely human trafficking, child rights protection, and gender based violence among others.


Child Protection in Nepal:

Understanding Services and Availability

WHEN: December 16, 2016

TIME: 02:00 PM

Where: Green Room, Hotel Himalaya, Lalitpur

Presenter: Mr. Shiva Prasad Paudel, Assistant Professor of Law, Kathmandu School of Law


  • Mr. Tarak Dhital, Director Central Child Welfare Board


The Nepalese Laws has neither defined ‘child protection’ nor has used ‘child protection’ consistently in its legal and policy writings. There are two different forms of expressions employed in relation to protection and children- ‘protection of child rights’ and ‘child protection’. The former is the broader connotation which encompasses the protection or realization of all the rights guaranteed under UNCRC or beyond. The latter expression is restrictive and refers only one specific group of rights of children which are related to their protection from all forms of harms, violence, risks and adverse situations. While presenting the understanding of the child protection, a particular reference has been made to legislation, policies, periodic development plans and annual programs run by government departments and offices. A brief reference has been given to UN instruments and some of the academic discourses while presenting the child protection services in Nepal. 



Mr. Paudel has a legal career of more than fifteen years. Before joining Kathmandu University School of Law, Paudel worked as a public interest lawyer at Forum for the Protection of Public Interest (Pro Public), a well known NGO focusing on public interest litigation. He worked as Team Leader of Juvenile Justice Strengthening Program at Central Child Welfare Board, which is a statutory body founded under the Children’s Act, 1992 by the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare. He also worked as an advisor/ specialist to Save the Children International in Nepal and in South Asia Programmes.

He worked as short term legal consultant or advisor to many international organizations including UNICEF, Plan International and Save the Children International. He also worked with the National Human Rights Commission, National Judicial Academy and several other organizations.

Mr. Paudel was one of the key persons to operationalize juvenile justice system in Nepal. He initiated the draft of Juvenile Justice Procedure Regulation which was subsequently passed by the Government of Nepal. He planned and provided oversight to the trainings on Juvenile Justice for Judges, Court Staffs, Psychologists, Social Workers, Police, Lawyers and Public Prosecutors for the first time. He also initiated the first draft of Child Rights Act under the ministerial authority which is still in governmental consideration.

He has conducted several trainings on human rights, child rights, gender justice, and juvenile justice to civil society, government and judicial staffs. He also has the experience of writing op-ed contributions in Nagarik National Daily (a Nepali Broadsheet) for 2 years.

Mr. Shiva Prasad Paudel is an expert of gender and child rights law. He also teaches corporate and administrative laws and coordinates researches at Masters level.